A government (sovereign) bond is issued by a national government. Investors loan money at a fixed or variable interest rate. By issuing bonds, the state receives funds that can be injected into the economy in the form of low-interest loans. The alphanumeric code of the bond represents the abbreviated name of the issuing state as well as the time to maturity. For example, US02Y is the US government bond that matures in 2 years. The tabs below make it easy to switch between the bond price and yield.