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15 Sept 2021

Anti-laundering Unit Goes Off-grid, Fraying Afghan Ties to Global Finance

The Index Today

Reuters report says that a unit in Afghanistan's central bank leading a 15-year effort to counter illicit funding flows has stopped operations, four staff members said, threatening to hasten the country's slide out of the global financial system.
Since 2006, the Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Center of Afghanistan or the FinTRACA has gathered intelligence on thousands of suspicious transactions and helped convict smugglers and terrorist financiers, according to its website.
UN officials have said the Taliban, who seized Kabul on Aug. 15, made hundreds of millions of dollars from the drugs trade and other illicit sources when they were fighting government troops. The group has vowed there would be no drug cultivation in Afghanistan from now.
Information on FinTRACA's website indicated the Taliban were among those in its sights, while the staff Reuters spoke to said the group had been a target since its launch.
They declined to be named because of fear of reprisals owing to the sensitive nature of their work.
With the Islamist militant movement back in power, the absence of a functioning financial intelligence unit (FIU) could curtail Afghanistan's links to the international financial system and to lenders abroad, some experts warned.
Such units, which scrutinise money flows for potential suspicious activity, are critical for any nation that seeks to participate in the global financial community, said Stuart Jones, Jr., founder and chief executive of risk intelligence firm Sigma Ratings.
He was also U.S. Treasury attache to Afghanistan between 2008 and 2010.
Reconnecting with the financial system could be complicated by existing sanctions against the Taliban and the fact that a senior government minister heads a U.S.-designated terrorist organisation.
"Afghanistan was considered high-risk by nearly all global financial institutions pre-Taliban takeover," said Jones.
"Now, with untested leadership at the central bank, an inoperable financial intelligence unit and current asset freezes on the ruling government by the United Nations and terror designations of key figures by the United States, I would expect foreign financial institutions to tread extremely carefully."
The central bank did not respond to several attempts to reach it via email and telephone.
The Taliban want access to reserves being held abroad as well as aid and other financing, as the economy reels from decades of war, drought, food shortages and the exodus of thousands of professionals.

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